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Chapter 6

Main Events:

v Jem, Scout, and Dill snuck over to try and get a glimpse of Boo Radley in his home.
v While at the back porch a shadow appeared that frightened all three children and sent them running for the fence by the schoolyard.
v A Shotgun fired and startled the trio. While in a rush, Jem got himself stuck by his trousers on the Radley’s fence. He was able to free himself, but lost his trousers in the process.
v A crowed gathered in front of the Radley’s house, and when Jem asked Miss Stephanie what happened, she said that Mr. Nathan shot at a Negro in his collard path.
v Later that night, Jem headed out to retrieve his trouser from where they were stuck
v Jem arrived back safe and sound, but his mood had changed.

external image ruins-gingerbread.jpg

Ironic Situation
v An Ironic situation that occurred during chapter six was when Jem, Scout, and Dill were at the Radley’s house. Scout described the back of the Raldey’s house less inviting than the front, which was quite ironic because no one dared to be anywhere near the front of the Raldey’s house.

Important Quote

v “No, shot in the air. Scared him pale, though. Says if anybody sees a white nigger around, that is the one. Says he’s got the other barrel waitin’ for the next sound he hears in that patch, an’ next time he won’t aim high, be it dog, nigger, or----Jem Finch!” –quote by Miss Stephanie
-This quote was important, because it showed that Mr. Nathan Radley new that they had been in his collard patch. Also it was important because it told Jem and the others that Mr. Nathan won’t be so kind as to “miss” next time and that they should be careful.

Chapter 7

Main Events:

v A week after Jem had gone and gotten his pants back from the Radley’s fence, he finally spoke to Scout about what he found. He told her how his trousers were folded over the fence, and the whole that was created when he was trying to escape was patched up.
v *KEY THING TO KEEP IN MIND* the patch work wasn’t of a ladies; more like a patch work Jem would try himself.
v Scout and Jem have their first encounter with the presents in the knot hole. *The first object being a ball of twine.*
v Second present in the knot hole was two soup dolls resembling Scout and Jem
v Third present the children found in the knot hole was a large pack of gum
v Fourth present was a medal
v Final present “biggest prize” was a pocket watch
v QUESTION: Who do you think is leaving the children gifts?
v Jem and Scout write a letter saying that they appreciate the gifts that were left in the tree for them.
v Next morning, the children run to the tree and discover that the knot whole had been cemented
v The following day, Jem asked Mr. Nathan if he cemented the knot whole. Mr. Nathan said yes.
v The reason why Mr. Nathan filled up the knot whole was because he said it was dying.
v While walking home with Atticus, Jem asks him if the tree in front of the Radley’s house is dying.
v Atticus says no, the tree’s as healthy as Jem is.
v QUESTION: If the tree is not where close to being sick or dying, why do you think Mr. Nathan told Jem and Scout the tree was?
v Jem stays out on the porch after Scout and Atticus go inside, and Scout realizes Jem had been crying.
v QUESTION: Why do you think Jem was crying?

Compare Quotes:
Mr. Nathan’s Quote- “Tree’s dying. You plug ‘em with cement when they’re sick. You ought know that, Jem.”
Atticus’s Quote- “Why no, son, I don’t think so. Look at the leaves, they’re all green and full, no brown patches anywhere---“

QUESTION: What do you think Jem is thinking, now that he has two views on what is going on with the tree?

Chapter 8

Main Events:
â Snowman - In the eighth chapter of Harper Lee’s book, To Kill a Mockingbird, Scout and her brother, Jem, encounter a new experience when the weather changes. Their new experience is the wonderful scene of snow. To get the most entertainment out of their ‘snow-day’, the children build a ‘snow’ man, but the end result is a frozen mixture of mud, ice, and water that somewhat resembles their annoying neighbor Mr. Avery. Scout overhears the conversation her father, Atticus, and Miss Maudie have about the snowman she and Jem made; she thinks she hears them say, “Morphodite”, when really they said and meant “hermaphrodite”, this is one of the many humorous remarks in the book.

[Refer to first quote in quote section].

â The Fire - Then, later that night, Scout is awakened by her father’s stressed tone and Jem shoving her in her into a robe. Her family rushes outside, only to find that Miss Maudie, Scout’s neighbors, house is on fire and past saving. Atticus joins his male neighbors in an attempt to save what remains of Miss Maudie’s household items and furniture.

â Boo Radley Encounter - Meanwhile, Scout and Jem shuffle over to stand in front of the Radley house. She begins to shiver subconsciously, and in her focus on the chaotic fire, she misses the moment when Mr. Arthur Radley, better known as Boo, places another blanket over her. Later in the story, the reader finds out that Mr. Arthur Radley thought of the Finch children as his own, which is a reason he put the blanket on Scout. Later, Scout exclaims that she felt like throwing up when she thought that Boo was that close to her! She feels this way because in past chapters the children played entertaining and thrilling games that involved the fictional character of Boo.

[Refer to second quote in quote section].

â Conversation with Miss Maudie - After the fire incident, Scout and Jem chat with Miss Maudie and start to feel pity for her; however, the pity is short-lived when Scout realizes that Miss Maudie is not at all sad about the loss of her house and possessions. Miss Maudie explains the irony of it to Jem. Miss Maudie wanted a smaller house anyways.

[Refer to third quote in quote section].

Important Quotes:
â Quote 1 – [Page 74] “Miss Maudie said, “Thank you sir, but you’ve got a job of your own over there.” She pointed to our yard. “You mean the Morphodite?” I asked. “Shoot, we can rake him up in a jiffy.” Miss Maudie stared down at me, her lips moving silently. Suddenly she put her hands to her head and whooped. When we left her, she was still chuckling. Jem said he didn’t know what was the matter with her – that was just Miss Maudie.

â Quote 2 – [Page 72] “Someday, maybe, Scout can thank him for covering her up. “Thank who?” [Scout] I asked. “Boo Radley. You were too busy looking at the fire you didn’t know it when he put the blanket around you.” My stomach turned to water and I nearly threw up when Jem held out the blanket and crept toward me. “He sneaked out of the house – turn ‘round – sneaked up, an’ went like this!”

â Quote 3 – [Page 73] Miss Maudie looked around, and the shadow of her old grin crossed her face. “Always wanted a smaller house, Jem Finch. Gives me more room for my azaleas now!” “You ain’t grievin’, Miss Maudie?” I asked, surprised. Atticus said her house was nearly all she had. “Grieving, child? Why, I hated that old cow barn. Thought of settin’ fire to it a hundred times myself, except they’d lock me up.” Miss Maudie puzzled me. With most of her possessions gone and her beloved yard a shambles, she still took a lively and cordial interest in Jem’s and my affairs.

â Rosetta Stone – “Mr. Avery said it was written on the Rosetta Stone that when children disobeyed their parents the seasons would change.”
o The Rosetta Stone was discovered in Egypt. It is engraved with a few early languages and helped historians decipher early hieroglyphics.
â Appomattox“Hasn’t snowed in Maycomb since Appomattox.”
o A village in Virginia, where Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at the Appomattox Court House, ending the Civil War.
o Robert E. Lee is interesting because Robert E. Lee Ewell is the full name of Mr. Ewell in the book. Also, the ending of the civil war is interesting because Atticus was almost fighting his own ‘civil’ battle for Tom Robinson.
â The Bellingraths“Those Bellingraths’ll look plain puny when I get started.”
o In 1932, Walter and Bessie Bellingrath opened their large, beautiful gardens to the public of Mobile, Alabama.
â Lane Cake“I’ll make him a Lane cake.”
o A rich white cake that contains at least 1 cup of sugar.

§ Aberration [n.]: An aberration is a deviation, or a moving away from, something that is normal. The fact that winter comes so quickly in Maycomb is abnormal, thus, an aberration.
§ Perpetrated [vb.]: Carried out; committed.
§ Near libel [adj. + n.]: When you commit libel, you harm someone's reputation. Atticus tells the children that they have committed a near libel; that is, their snowman is almost libelous because it so closely represents one of their neighbors and could harm that neighbor's reputation.
§ Morphodite [n.]: Scout has misheard Miss Maudie, who would actually have said the word hermaphrodite. Technically, a hermaphrodite is an animal or plant that has both female and male organs. Of course, the children's snowman is not really a hermaphrodite, but it does have both male and female characteristics.
§ Quelled [vb.]: To quell is to overwhelm something until it is powerless. The tin roof of Miss Maudie's house quelled the flames because tin cannot burn so the fire was eventually stopped.

Relating Pictures:
â An example of the blanket Boo Radley may have placed on Scout in the cold.
Boo's Blanket

â An example of the azaleas Miss Maudie had around her house that burned down.
Miss Maudie's Azaleas

â A picture of snow; pretty self-explanatory.

â A picture of the Appomattox Court House.
Appomattox Court House

Chapter 9

ó Scout and Jem are beginning to hear around town that their dad (Atticus Finch) is defending a colored man.
ó School lets out for Christmas Break and Atticus, Jem, Scout, and Uncle Jack (They picked Jack up at a train station on the way.) go to Finch’s Landing for the holidays.
ó The family eats Christmas dinner where everyone sits at the “big” table except for Scout who is isolated and forced to sit at the little table alone.
ó Francis calls Atticus a n*-lover and disgrace to the entire family.
ó Francis taunts Scout ALL afternoon with these jeers making her furious. She punches Francis square in the mouth and beats on him until Uncle Jack comes.
ó Uncle Jack gives Scout a beating in front of everyone.
ó Back in Maycomb, Scout is eavesdropping on Atticus and Jack talking about the Tom Robinson case. Atticus knows she’s listening but he wants her to be aware of what she might be encountering in the coming weeks and then sends her to bed.
external image Gouldian_Finches.jpgWho’s really important?
ó Atticus Finch- Jem and Scout’s Dad (a lawyer) also known as the “disgrace of the family” for defending Tom Robinson.
ó Scout Finch- Main Character. She lays into Francis after he repeatedly disrespects Atticus.
ó Jack Finch- Atticus’s Brother and Scout’s favorite Uncle. He later gives Scout a beating for her bad behavior.
ó Francis- Aunt Alexandra’s grandson whom provokes Scout to beat him up.
ó Aunt Alexandra- Scout/Jem’s Aunt who is introduced for the first time. She remains in the rest of the story as a woman “role model” for Scout.
Where did it take place?
ó This chapter takes place during the winter over Christmas break. Most of the time, everyone is located at Finch’s Landing (Aunt Alexandra’s home) but the beginning occurs at school and it wraps up back at home in Maycomb.
external image snow.jpg
What did they say?
ó “For a number of reasons,” said Atticus. “The main one is, if I didn’t I couldn’t hold my head up in town, I couldn’t represent this county in legislature, I couldn’t even tell you or Jem not to do something again.” – Atticus Pg.75 **In regards to why he is defending Tom Robinson.**
ó “If Uncle Atticus lets you run around with stray dogs, that’s his own business, like Grandma says, so it ain’t your fault. I guess it ain’t your fault if Uncle Atticus is a n*-lover besides, but I’m here to tell you it certainly does mortify the rest of the family…”- Cousin Francis Pg.83 **Francis telling Scout how Atticus defending Tom Robinson is bringing the Finch family name, shame and disgrace.**

Chapter 10

What Happened?

  • Scout and Jem begin to feel that Atticus is getting old. They start to notice that he doesn't do much (just works in an office and can't even play tackle football).
  • Atticus gives Scout and Jem air-rifles.
  • After being told that it's a sin to kill a mockingbird, Scout decides to go talk to Miss Maudie about it. They get to talking about Atticus when Scout mentions his age. In doing so, Scout learns things about her father that she never knew (checker player; Jew's Harp...).
  • While exploring, just beyond the Radley place, Jem (and Scout) spots old Tim Johnson (Mr. Harry Johnson's dog) coming at a very slow and sickly pace in their direction.
  • Immediately, they run home to alert Calpernia of the dog. When she spots Tim coming closer she quickly alerts all of the neighbors and Atticus that a "mad-dog" is on the loose!
  • Minutes later, Atticus and Mr. Heck Tate (the sheriff) show up with a rifle to kill the deadly animal. With much protest Atticus shoots down the dog with one shot and his children, Scout and Jem, are mystified at their dad's talent with a gun.

Important Quote
" When he gave us our air-rifles Atticus wouldn't teach us to shoot. Uncle Jack instructed us in the rudiments thereof; he said Atticus wasn't interested in guns." -Scout Finch (pg. 90 -2nd paragraph)
~This quote is important because it makes Scout and Jem wonder why Atticus would buy them guns but refuse to show them how to shoot. I also think that it is a form of foreshadowing. (Later on in the chapter Atticus is forced to use his hidden gun talent).


Things To Ponder

  • Why is a "mad-dog" (a dog with rabies) so dangerous to the people of Maycomb?
~In the 1930's people didn't have as good of medical knowledge and supplies as we do today. If someone were to have been bitten by a "mad-dog" (in this case Tim Johnson) they would have most likely died from it.
  • Why is Atticus so against people knowing that he is such a good shot (has the deadest shot in Maycomb county)? Wht isn't he proud of it?
~Atticus sees it as an unfair advantage god gave him. He doesn't feel t is necessary to show off. Miss Maudie supports this with this quote - "I think maybe he put his gun down when he realized that God had given him an unfair advantage over most living things. I guess he decided he woldn't shoot till he had to, and he had to today." (pg. 98- 10th paragraph)

  • Even though Jem and Scout are beginning to think their father is old and boring, do they still look up to him and take pride in him?
~Yes, when Scout talks to Miss Maudie about Atticus she learns some impressive things about her dad. Also, when Atticus kills Tim Johnson in one shot they are so proud of him that they want to brag to everyone at school. They want everyone toknow how talented their dad is.