TKM Chapters 26-31

Chapter 26:
By now Scout has reached the third grade. She has realized that Boo Radley doesn't want children wandering around his house and disturbing him. However, Scout still daydreams about walking past the Radley house, seeing Boo sitting on his front porch, and talking with him as if it was a common occurrence. Scout mentions her wishes to see Boo to Atticus, but he discourages this idea, saying Mr. Nathan Radley would shoot anyone who trespasses on his property.
In school Cecil Jacobs reads a newspaper article about Hitler for his current event. As Cecil puts it,"old Adolf Hitler has been after external image hitler_narrowweb__300x431,0.jpgthe Jews and he's puttin' 'em in prisons and he's taking away all their property and he won't let any of 'em out of the country and he's washin' all the feeble minded and-" (244). Someone comments that the government should stop Hitler. Ms. Gates, their teacher, explains the difference between a democracy and a dictatorship. She informs the class that Hitler controls the German government. This does not prevent Scout from wondering why the millions of Germans don't put Hitler in prison since they outnumber him.
Scout asks Atticus and Jem if it's alright to hate Hitler. Neither of them believes in hating anyone. Then Scout asks Jem why people like Tom Robinson are persecuted. This causes Jem to explode and yell at Scout. Atticus explains this as Jem trying to forget about Tom Robinson's trial.

"To Kill a Mockingbird" Masterprint
"To Kill a Mockingbird" Masterprint

In chapter 27 there were three main events that Scout recalls from October. The first of these events was Mr. Ewell gaining and promptly losing a job for the WPA. The loss of his job (a nearly impossible job to be fired from) was a result of his laziness. For this Mr. Ewell blamed Atticus and frequently informed the lady at the welfare office of this. However, much to Mr. Ewell’s dismay, Atticus viewed his words as no threat at all and disregarded them. The second event that Scout recalled pertained to Judge John Taylor. On Sunday nights while Mrs. Taylor would attend evening services at the church, John would remain at home alone. On one particular Sunday while John was reading, a disturbing scratching sound caught his attention. Thinking it was only his dog he rose out of his chair and made his way over to the back door to her out. Upon John’s arrival at the door, he noticed the screen door swinging open and a mysterious shadow by the side of his house. Atticus found amusement in this because he knew it was Mr. Ewell at Mr. Taylor’s house that night (as Mr. Taylor had made a fool out of Mr. Ewell in court). The final event that Scout recalled was in incident involving Mr. Ewell (again) and Helen Robinson. Helen was employed by Mr. Link Deas who one day notice Helen approached work from a different direction than where her house was located. When confronted by him, Helen reluctantly informed him of the harassment she suffered from the Ewells. This greatly aggravated Link Deas and he resolved to walk home with Helen and put a stop to her harassment. When they passed by the Ewell household, no one was visible in the home but knowing the family was home Mr. Deas let them know their actions were unwelcome and would be reprimanded if they continued. The following day Mr. Ewell changed his tactics and followed closely behind Helen, making susurrant threats, on her way to work. Once she reached the confines of Mr. Deas’s store, she summoned the help of Mr. Deas and promptly he arrived to remedy the situation. After spewing several threatening comments at Mr. Ewell with much success, Mr. Deas reassured Helen she wouldn’t be harassed any more.

During previous Halloweens, miscreant children have taken part in notorious pranks. As a result of one in particular, the school was hosting a play to keep these hooligans occupied during the later hours. There would be fun activities and games for the adults and children present at the play. Much to Scout’s surprise, her assistance was required for a role as ham in the play. Scout’s role also included an amusing costume resembling a ham. Again to Scout’s surprise and disappointment, neither Atticus nor Alexandra could be present at her play. Scout presented her part in the play for her family (as they would not be attending the play) and the night of the play she would be escorted solely by her brother, Jem.

"Thus began our longest journey together." (p.254)
Author, Harper Lee, uses foreshadowing in this passage by offering a hint as to what might happen in the chapters to come. She implies that a "journey" is approaching for her and her brother.

In the book, "To Kill a Mockingbird", specifically in chaper 27 page 252, I found the situation of the Barber sisters to be ironic. During a past Halloween several children snuck into the Barber house and removed all the furniture only to replace the furniture in their cellar. The result of their actions left the sisters astounded and they immediately called the sheriff to report the larceny. The ironic part is that the sisters were convinced that out of town Syrians had robbed them and left the state when in reality their furniture had never left their property.
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Chapter 28 (Tucker)
Jem and Scout set out on a simple task of going over to the school for the pageant and although it posed no danger now, the later trip back would be deadly. The moon was obscured by clouds and there was no light except from the school toward which they were headed. As they crossed the yard to the school a dark shadow leapt up, pointed something bright in the kid's faces, and scared the living daylight out of them. It turned out that it was just Cecil Jacobs and Scout then joined him for the night while they played games together before the pageant. Eventually, the pageant started and the fact that Scout's stamina was getting weaker and the night was getting longer made her doze off into sleep.
English_Summary.JPG
English_Summary.JPG
She awoke to the sound of Mrs. Merriweather calling her play name and yelling "Pork!" She ran out on stage to catch up with everyone and caused a commotion of laughter. She was so embarrassed she refused to take off her costume because she did not want people to see her face. She also refused to leave the school until most of the people had left. As the kids crossed through the dark schoolyard, so dark in fact that they could hardly see their own feet, Jem though he heard something. He deduced that he must have been imagining things and decided to continue on. A few seconds later he heard the sound again and this time Scout thought she heard something too. Scout shouted out to their unknown company assuming it was Cecil Jacobs coming back to scare them again. They continued walking and began to realize that it was not Cecil after them but someone else. Suddenly, they heard their stalker start running towards them. The kids started to run but Scout could not keep a sufficient pace and soon felt her suit crush under the pressure of something. Scout rolled away and realized that there was a fight raging on between Jem and... someone else. Then the tussle ended with a loud crunching sound and Jem yelling. Eventually, the fight ended and someone carried Jem off towards Scout's house. She followed and eventually found out that Jem was injured and lying on a bed. Aunt Alexandra called Mr. Tate who went out to where the fight was. When he came back he reported to everyone that Mr. Ewell was lying out in the schoolyard with a knife stabbed into him, dead.
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english_summary2.jpg


Ironic situation: In chapter 28 when Scout and Jem are going past the Radley house Jem still looked upon Boo as a source of fear and danger. I find it to be ironic because Boo is the one that saved Jem and Scout at the end of chapter 28, not the one that dealt harm upon them.

Hypocritical situation: This situation is found on page 256-257. Scout and Cecil were off spending their thirty scents and Scout wanted to bob for apples but Cecil said it wasn't sanitary. I find this hypocritical because just a second ago they were putting their hands in spaghetti and other "human" components which would have been touched and squished by all the people who had done that event before him.

Courage- In this chapter Jem shows courage by defending his little sister and fighting Mr. Ewell, a man who is many times his size.

Vocab:
Page 262-pinioned: to disable or restrain by binding the arms
Page 259-consented: to be in concord in opinion or sentiment
Page 257-divinity: the quality or state of being devine
Page 257-rustic: of, relating to, or suitable for the country
Page 255-irascible: marked by hot anger and easily provoked anger
Page 255-gait: a manner or rate of movement or progress
Page 254-repertoire: a list or supply of capabilities
Page 254-incantations: a use of spells or verbal charms spoken or sung as part of a ritual of magic



Chapter 29 (Tucker)
Scout started to recall the whole incident to Mr. Tate, including the events right before to pageant to the events that had just happened. The Sheriff asked several questions throughout the length of the story. Some of the questions included things like why nobody heard anything happening. Atticus answered that both he and Aunt Alexandra had their radios on, possibly louder than they should have been. Atticus also explained to Mr. Tate why Scout had the "chicken wire" ham costume on in the first place. Mr. Tate then explained that the evidence showed that Mr. Ewell had tried to stab Scout in the back and that it probably saved her life. Eventually, Scout wound to the end of her story. When she reached the part where a man had carried Jem home she realized the man was right with her in the room. Scout lifted her finger to point at him, and upon further observation, realized that it was her neighbor, and said, "hey Boo."
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english_summary3.jpg

Climax- These two chapters of the book seems to be a major climax, not only was it because of the event in which the children were attacked but also because Scout finally got to see the person that she has been trying to see her whole childhood, Boo Radley. Upon seeing him and realizing what he did for Jem she begins to understand that Boo is actually a really nice person, not some evil scissor stabbing maniac.

Vocab:
Page 267-telltale: an outward sign
Page 270-reprimand: to reprove sharply or censure formally usually from a position of authority


In Chapter 30 we finally meet the mysterious Arthur "Boo" Radley. While in the Finch's house looking at the injured Jem, the doctor comes in and makes the whole group leave so he can attend to the wounded. However, out of respect and common courtesy, all of the adults act as if seeing Arthur is nothing foreign and continue discussing Jem's future. Due to the death of Mr. Ewell and according to the account of the events given by Scout, Atticus was convinced that Jem had stabbed Mr. Ewell.

However, Mr. Tate believes that the best way to maneuver through this tricky situation is to spread the word that Mr. Ewell fell on his own knife. After the two men argue about the best course to handle this, Mr. Taexternal image HH-Porch-Chairs.jpgte's power of jurisdiction gives him the final word and he decides that an accident is the best way to explain Mr. Ewell's death. Scout, the only witness, agrees that it might have occurred that way and so with that the case is closed.

Ironic Occurrence

An ironic occurrence in this chapter is that Atticus introduces Arthur to Scout when Scout knows Arthur just as well as anyone and possibly even more.

Symbols

Boo Radley is another symbol when he is referred to as a mockingbird by Scout. Just like Tom Robinson he is completely harmless and has never done anything wrong to anybody but still could get dragged out and forced into the public eye and condemned even though he was doing the right thing by protecting the children. Just like a mockingbird all he does is help and stay out of the way of the everyday passerby. So it is morally wrong to use society against him and continue to subdue him and force him to be an anathema. The rest of society should just leave him alone just as he would prefer to be.

Quotes

"Well, it'd be sort of like shootin' a mockingbird, wouldn't it?"
When Scout says this to Atticus she is saying that Boo is another example or mockingbird. This quote exemplifies Boo as being a symbol of a harmless mockingbird.

As the discussing on the porch concludes and Arthur looks over Jem in chapter 31 he indicates that he wants to go home. Scout accompanies him home and looking out from the Radley's front porch she sees the past few years through Arthur Radley's eyes. She realizes he protected them and looked out for them and possibly thought of them as partially his own. She sees her part of town from the view of his window and envisions what he must have been seeing of this area, the joys and the disappointments of the children becoming his own joys and disappointments.

This is another ironic occurence due to the fact that all this time the children having been trying to coax Boo out so they can see him, but he has been watching them the whole time, watching like a protective parent. They think that nobody sees them mimicking him or portraying his life, but he watches their every step outside.

"Atticus was right. One time he said you never really know a man until you stand in his shoes and walk around in them. Just standing on the Radley porch was enough."
This recollection by Scout very near the end of the book shows that she finally sees how Boo feels and what he thinks. Just by being in his position looking out from his porch she sees what he feels.